The second-oldest club in the United States is celebrating its centenary with a series of events this fall, including commemorating its past champions — some of whom were the best players in the world.

Chess clubs have suffered because of the growth of the Internet. Online servers have largely replaced one of the major functions of clubs — to serve as a meeting place to find other people to play. As membership declined for clubs in recent years, many of them folded, including the cross-town rival of the Marshall — the Manhattan Chess Club. But, partly because the Marshall owns its historic building in Manhattan, the Marshall has managed to survive and even thrive. The club is the second-oldest in the United States (behind San Francisco’s Mechanics Institute, which began in 1854). This year, it is celebrating its centenary, including by commemorating its past champions, some of whom have been among the game’s greats. Here are some of them.